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In a recent article, we learn about the $assoc_args and $args in the WP CLI program.

Now, Let’s try some examples of $args and $assoc_args.

Note: If you read some recent articles then you can skip some below steps.

Create Empty Plugin Create Empty Plugin

  • Create a new folder wordpress-examples into plugins directory /wp-content/plugins/
  • Create a file wordpress-examples.php and add the below code into it.
<?php
 /**
 Plugin Name: WordPress Examples
 */ 

Note: If you want to add some additional information then you can get it from gist snippet – WordPress Complete Plugin Readme File.

Now you can see our WordPress Examples plugin exists into the plugins list.

  • Now, Activate the plugin.

Register WP CLI Command Register WP CLI Command

Register PHP class WordPress_Examples_WP_CLI e.g.

if ( ! class_exists( 'WordPress_Examples_WP_CLI' ) && class_exists( 'WP_CLI_Command' ) ) :
       class WordPress_Examples_WP_CLI extends WP_CLI_Command {

       }
endif;

Here,

We have registered a new class WordPress_Examples_WP_CLI and extend it with WP_CLI_Command.

Add Examples Command Add Examples Command

Now let’s register the examples. E.g.

       WP_CLI::add_command( 'examples', 'WordPress_Examples_WP_CLI' ); 

Here,

We have used the function WP_CLI::add_command() to register our examples command.

The function WP_CLI::add_command() accepts 2 parameters. The first parameter is the command name. Which is examples in our case.

And second is a callback class which is WordPress_Examples_WP_CLI.

Add arguments sub command Add arguments sub command

         public function arguments( $args, $assoc_args ) {
           WP_CLI::line( 'Hello' );
         }

Here,

We have added a function arguments() with two parameters.

  • $args contain the arguments.
  • $assoc_args contain the associate arguments.

Testing Testing

Open command prompt/terminal. Go to your WordPress setup. I have set up WordPress in D:\xampp\htdocs\dev.test

So, Execute the below commands:

  • cd D:\xampp\htdocs\dev.test
  • wp examples arguments

You can see the output something like below:

 λ wp examples arguments
 Hello

This command just shows the string Hello. Now, Let’s try some examples:

Example 1

public function arguments( $args, $assoc_args ) {
	WP_CLI::line( 'Hello' );
	WP_CLI::line( print_r( $args ) );
	WP_CLI::line( print_r( $assoc_args ) );
}

Let’s execute our command wp examples associated_arguments.

λ wp examples arguments
 Hello
 Array
 (
 )
 1
 Array
 (
 )
 1

Here, $args and $assoc_args both are empty. So, After executing above command WP_CLI::line( print_r( $args ) ); and WP_CLI::line( print_r( $assoc_args ) ); both print an empty array.

Now, Execute

But, If instead of command:

wp examples arguments One Two --one=One --two=Two
λ wp examples arguments One Two --one=One --two=Two
 Hello
 Array
 (
     [0] => One
     [1] => Two
 )
 1
 Array
 (
     [one] => One
     [two] => Two
 )
 1

Now, We see that both $args and $assoc_args contain some values.

If we execute the below command by changing the sequence of the arguments and associate arguments like:

wp examples arguments One --one=One Two --two=Two
λ wp examples arguments One --one=One Two --two=Two
 Hello
 Array
 (
     [0] => One
     [1] => Two
 )
 1
 Array
 (
     [one] => One
     [two] => Two
 )
 1

Here, There is no change. Because there is no sequence of for passing the arguments and associate arguments.

Using \WP_CLI\Utils\get_flag_value() Using \WP_CLI\Utils\get_flag_value()

WP CLI has some helper functions which are more useful while developing some commands.

The \WP_CLI\Utils\get_flag_value() is one of them which allow us to get the value of the $args and $assoc_args.

Let’s see it with a below simple example.

public function arguments( $args, $assoc_args ) {
	$first  = isset( $args[0] ) ? $args[0] : 'First Argument';
	$last = isset( $args[1] ) ? $args[1] : 'Last Argument';

	WP_CLI::line( $first );
	WP_CLI::line( $last );

	// Or we can use the `\WP_CLI\Utils\get_flag_value()` which return the same.
	$first = \WP_CLI\Utils\get_flag_value( $assoc_args, 'first', 'First Associate Argument' );
	$last = \WP_CLI\Utils\get_flag_value( $assoc_args, 'last', 'Last Associate Argument' );

	WP_CLI::line( $first );
	WP_CLI::line( $last );
}

If we execute the command wp examples arguments then we see something like below:

λ wp examples arguments
 First Argument
 Last Argument
 First Associate Argument
 Last Associate Argument

Let’s try the command wp examples arguments Mahesh --first=Swapnil Waghmare --last=Dhanrale

λ wp examples arguments Mahesh --first=Swapnil Waghmare --last=Dhanrale
 Mahesh
 Waghmare
 Swapnil
 Dhanrale

As we know that there is no sequence for passing the arguments and associate arguments in the WP CLI command.

wp cli arguments vs associated arguments.

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