Requests_IDNAEncoder::punycode_encode

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Summery Summery

RFC3492-compliant encoder

Syntax Syntax

Requests_IDNAEncoder::punycode_encode( string $input )

Parameters Parameters

$input

(string) (Required) UTF-8 encoded string to encode

Return Return

(string) Punycode-encoded string

Source Source

File: wp-includes/Requests/IDNAEncoder.php

	public static function punycode_encode($input) {
		$output = '';
#		let n = initial_n
		$n = self::BOOTSTRAP_INITIAL_N;
#		let delta = 0
		$delta = 0;
#		let bias = initial_bias
		$bias = self::BOOTSTRAP_INITIAL_BIAS;
#		let h = b = the number of basic code points in the input
		$h = $b = 0; // see loop
#		copy them to the output in order
		$codepoints = self::utf8_to_codepoints($input);
		$extended = array();

		foreach ($codepoints as $char) {
			if ($char < 128) {
				// Character is valid ASCII
				// TODO: this should also check if it's valid for a URL
				$output .= chr($char);
				$h++;
			}
			// Check if the character is non-ASCII, but below initial n
			// This never occurs for Punycode, so ignore in coverage
			// @codeCoverageIgnoreStart
			elseif ($char < $n) {
				throw new Requests_Exception('Invalid character', 'idna.character_outside_domain', $char);
			}
			// @codeCoverageIgnoreEnd
			else {
				$extended[$char] = true;
			}
		}
		$extended = array_keys($extended);
		sort($extended);
		$b = $h;
#		[copy them] followed by a delimiter if b > 0
		if (strlen($output) > 0) {
			$output .= '-';
		}
#		{if the input contains a non-basic code point < n then fail}
#		while h < length(input) do begin
		while ($h < count($codepoints)) {
#			let m = the minimum code point >= n in the input
			$m = array_shift($extended);
			//printf('next code point to insert is %s' . PHP_EOL, dechex($m));
#			let delta = delta + (m - n) * (h + 1), fail on overflow
			$delta += ($m - $n) * ($h + 1);
#			let n = m
			$n = $m;
#			for each code point c in the input (in order) do begin
			for ($num = 0; $num < count($codepoints); $num++) {
				$c = $codepoints[$num];
#				if c < n then increment delta, fail on overflow
				if ($c < $n) {
					$delta++;
				}
#				if c == n then begin
				elseif ($c === $n) {
#					let q = delta
					$q = $delta;
#					for k = base to infinity in steps of base do begin
					for ($k = self::BOOTSTRAP_BASE; ; $k += self::BOOTSTRAP_BASE) {
#						let t = tmin if k <= bias {+ tmin}, or
#								tmax if k >= bias + tmax, or k - bias otherwise
						if ($k <= ($bias + self::BOOTSTRAP_TMIN)) {
							$t = self::BOOTSTRAP_TMIN;
						}
						elseif ($k >= ($bias + self::BOOTSTRAP_TMAX)) {
							$t = self::BOOTSTRAP_TMAX;
						}
						else {
							$t = $k - $bias;
						}
#						if q < t then break
						if ($q < $t) {
							break;
						}
#						output the code point for digit t + ((q - t) mod (base - t))
						$digit = $t + (($q - $t) % (self::BOOTSTRAP_BASE - $t));
						$output .= self::digit_to_char($digit);
#						let q = (q - t) div (base - t)
						$q = floor(($q - $t) / (self::BOOTSTRAP_BASE - $t));
#					end
					}
#					output the code point for digit q
					$output .= self::digit_to_char($q);
#					let bias = adapt(delta, h + 1, test h equals b?)
					$bias = self::adapt($delta, $h + 1, $h === $b);
#					let delta = 0
					$delta = 0;
#					increment h
					$h++;
#				end
				}
#			end
			}
#			increment delta and n
			$delta++;
			$n++;
#		end
		}

		return $output;
	}

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