WP_Embed::shortcode

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Summery Summery

The do_shortcode() callback function.

Syntax Syntax

WP_Embed::shortcode( array $attr, string $url = '' )

Description Description

Attempts to convert a URL into embed HTML. Starts by checking the URL against the regex of the registered embed handlers. If none of the regex matches and it’s enabled, then the URL will be given to the WP_oEmbed class.

Parameters Parameters

$attr

(array) (Required) Shortcode attributes. Optional.

  • 'width'
    (int) Width of the embed in pixels.
  • 'height'
    (int) Height of the embed in pixels.

$url

(string) (Optional) The URL attempting to be embedded.

Default value: ''

Return Return

(string|false) The embed HTML on success, otherwise the original URL. ->maybe_make_link() can return false on failure.

Source Source

File: wp-includes/class-wp-embed.php

	 * @return string|false The embed HTML on success, false otherwise.
	 */
	public function get_embed_handler_html( $attr, $url ) {
		$rawattr = $attr;
		$attr    = wp_parse_args( $attr, wp_embed_defaults( $url ) );

		ksort( $this->handlers );
		foreach ( $this->handlers as $priority => $handlers ) {
			foreach ( $handlers as $id => $handler ) {
				if ( preg_match( $handler['regex'], $url, $matches ) && is_callable( $handler['callback'] ) ) {
					$return = call_user_func( $handler['callback'], $matches, $attr, $url, $rawattr );
					if ( false !== $return ) {
						/**
						 * Filters the returned embed HTML.
						 *
						 * @since 2.9.0
						 *
						 * @see WP_Embed::shortcode()
						 *
						 * @param string|false $return The HTML result of the shortcode, or false on failure.
						 * @param string       $url    The embed URL.
						 * @param array        $attr   An array of shortcode attributes.
						 */
						return apply_filters( 'embed_handler_html', $return, $url, $attr );
					}
				}
			}
		}

		return false;
	}

	/**
	 * The do_shortcode() callback function.
	 *
	 * Attempts to convert a URL into embed HTML. Starts by checking the URL against the regex of
	 * the registered embed handlers. If none of the regex matches and it's enabled, then the URL
	 * will be given to the WP_oEmbed class.
	 *
	 * @param array  $attr {
	 *     Shortcode attributes. Optional.
	 *
	 *     @type int $width  Width of the embed in pixels.
	 *     @type int $height Height of the embed in pixels.
	 * }
	 * @param string $url The URL attempting to be embedded.
	 * @return string|false The embed HTML on success, otherwise the original URL.
	 *                      `->maybe_make_link()` can return false on failure.
	 */
	public function shortcode( $attr, $url = '' ) {
		$post = get_post();

		if ( empty( $url ) && ! empty( $attr['src'] ) ) {
			$url = $attr['src'];
		}

		$this->last_url = $url;

		if ( empty( $url ) ) {
			$this->last_attr = $attr;
			return '';
		}

		$rawattr = $attr;
		$attr    = wp_parse_args( $attr, wp_embed_defaults( $url ) );

		$this->last_attr = $attr;

		// KSES converts & into & and we need to undo this.
		// See https://core.trac.wordpress.org/ticket/11311
		$url = str_replace( '&', '&', $url );

		// Look for known internal handlers.
		$embed_handler_html = $this->get_embed_handler_html( $rawattr, $url );
		if ( false !== $embed_handler_html ) {
			return $embed_handler_html;
		}

		$post_ID = ( ! empty( $post->ID ) ) ? $post->ID : null;

		// Potentially set by WP_Embed::cache_oembed().
		if ( ! empty( $this->post_ID ) ) {
			$post_ID = $this->post_ID;
		}

		// Check for a cached result (stored as custom post or in the post meta).
		$key_suffix    = md5( $url . serialize( $attr ) );
		$cachekey      = '_oembed_' . $key_suffix;
		$cachekey_time = '_oembed_time_' . $key_suffix;

		/**
		 * Filters the oEmbed TTL value (time to live).
		 *
		 * @since 4.0.0
		 *
		 * @param int    $time    Time to live (in seconds).
		 * @param string $url     The attempted embed URL.
		 * @param array  $attr    An array of shortcode attributes.
		 * @param int    $post_ID Post ID.
		 */
		$ttl = apply_filters( 'oembed_ttl', DAY_IN_SECONDS, $url, $attr, $post_ID );

		$cache      = '';
		$cache_time = 0;

		$cached_post_id = $this->find_oembed_post_id( $key_suffix );

		if ( $post_ID ) {
			$cache      = get_post_meta( $post_ID, $cachekey, true );
			$cache_time = get_post_meta( $post_ID, $cachekey_time, true );

			if ( ! $cache_time ) {
				$cache_time = 0;
			}
		} elseif ( $cached_post_id ) {
			$cached_post = get_post( $cached_post_id );

			$cache      = $cached_post->post_content;
			$cache_time = strtotime( $cached_post->post_modified_gmt );
		}

		$cached_recently = ( time() - $cache_time ) < $ttl;

		if ( $this->usecache || $cached_recently ) {
			// Failures are cached. Serve one if we're using the cache.
			if ( '{{unknown}}' === $cache ) {
				return $this->maybe_make_link( $url );
			}

			if ( ! empty( $cache ) ) {
				/**
				 * Filters the cached oEmbed HTML.
				 *
				 * @since 2.9.0
				 *
				 * @see WP_Embed::shortcode()
				 *
				 * @param string|false $cache   The cached HTML result, stored in post meta.
				 * @param string       $url     The attempted embed URL.
				 * @param array        $attr    An array of shortcode attributes.
				 * @param int          $post_ID Post ID.
				 */
				return apply_filters( 'embed_oembed_html', $cache, $url, $attr, $post_ID );
			}
		}

		/**
		 * Filters whether to inspect the given URL for discoverable link tags.
		 *
		 * @since 2.9.0
		 * @since 4.4.0 The default value changed to true.
		 *
		 * @see WP_oEmbed::discover()
		 *
		 * @param bool $enable Whether to enable `<link>` tag discovery. Default true.
		 */
		$attr['discover'] = apply_filters( 'embed_oembed_discover', true );

		// Use oEmbed to get the HTML.
		$html = wp_oembed_get( $url, $attr );

		if ( $post_ID ) {
			if ( $html ) {
				update_post_meta( $post_ID, $cachekey, $html );
				update_post_meta( $post_ID, $cachekey_time, time() );
			} elseif ( ! $cache ) {
				update_post_meta( $post_ID, $cachekey, '{{unknown}}' );
			}
		} else {
			$has_kses = false !== has_filter( 'content_save_pre', 'wp_filter_post_kses' );

			if ( $has_kses ) {
				// Prevent KSES from corrupting JSON in post_content.
				kses_remove_filters();
			}

			$insert_post_args = array(
				'post_name'   => $key_suffix,
				'post_status' => 'publish',
				'post_type'   => 'oembed_cache',
			);

			if ( $html ) {
				if ( $cached_post_id ) {
					wp_update_post(
						wp_slash(
							array(
								'ID'           => $cached_post_id,
								'post_content' => $html,
							)
						)
					);
				} else {
					wp_insert_post(
						wp_slash(
							array_merge(
								$insert_post_args,
								array(
									'post_content' => $html,
								)

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