_wp_handle_upload

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Private Access Private Access

This function’s access is marked private. This means it is not intended for use by plugin or theme developers, only in other core functions. It is listed here for completeness. Use wp_handle_upload_error instead.

Summery Summery

Handles PHP uploads in WordPress.

Syntax Syntax

_wp_handle_upload( string[] $file, string[]|false $overrides, string $time, string $action )

Description Description

Sanitizes file names, checks extensions for mime type, and moves the file to the appropriate directory within the uploads directory.

Parameters Parameters

$file

(string[]) (Required) Reference to a single element of $_FILES. Call the function once for each uploaded file.

$overrides

(string[]|false) (Required) An associative array of names => values to override default variables. Default false.

$time

(string) (Required) Time formatted in 'yyyy/mm'.

$action

(string) (Required) Expected value for $_POST['action'].

Return Return

(string[]) On success, returns an associative array of file attributes. On failure, returns $overrides['upload_error_handler']( &$file, $message ) or array( 'error' => $message ).

Source Source

File: wp-admin/includes/file.php

function _wp_handle_upload( &$file, $overrides, $time, $action ) {
	// The default error handler.
	if ( ! function_exists( 'wp_handle_upload_error' ) ) {
		function wp_handle_upload_error( &$file, $message ) {
			return array( 'error' => $message );
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the data for a file before it is uploaded to WordPress.
	 *
	 * The dynamic portion of the hook name, `$action`, refers to the post action.
	 *
	 * @since 2.9.0 as 'wp_handle_upload_prefilter'.
	 * @since 4.0.0 Converted to a dynamic hook with `$action`.
	 *
	 * @param string[] $file An array of data for a single file.
	 */
	$file = apply_filters( "{$action}_prefilter", $file );

	// You may define your own function and pass the name in $overrides['upload_error_handler'].
	$upload_error_handler = 'wp_handle_upload_error';
	if ( isset( $overrides['upload_error_handler'] ) ) {
		$upload_error_handler = $overrides['upload_error_handler'];
	}

	// You may have had one or more 'wp_handle_upload_prefilter' functions error out the file. Handle that gracefully.
	if ( isset( $file['error'] ) && ! is_numeric( $file['error'] ) && $file['error'] ) {
		return call_user_func_array( $upload_error_handler, array( &$file, $file['error'] ) );
	}

	// Install user overrides. Did we mention that this voids your warranty?

	// You may define your own function and pass the name in $overrides['unique_filename_callback'].
	$unique_filename_callback = null;
	if ( isset( $overrides['unique_filename_callback'] ) ) {
		$unique_filename_callback = $overrides['unique_filename_callback'];
	}

	/*
	 * This may not have originally been intended to be overridable,
	 * but historically has been.
	 */
	if ( isset( $overrides['upload_error_strings'] ) ) {
		$upload_error_strings = $overrides['upload_error_strings'];
	} else {
		// Courtesy of php.net, the strings that describe the error indicated in $_FILES[{form field}]['error'].
		$upload_error_strings = array(
			false,
			sprintf(
				/* translators: 1: upload_max_filesize, 2: php.ini */
				__( 'The uploaded file exceeds the %1$s directive in %2$s.' ),
				'upload_max_filesize',
				'php.ini'
			),
			sprintf(
				/* translators: %s: MAX_FILE_SIZE */
				__( 'The uploaded file exceeds the %s directive that was specified in the HTML form.' ),
				'MAX_FILE_SIZE'
			),
			__( 'The uploaded file was only partially uploaded.' ),
			__( 'No file was uploaded.' ),
			'',
			__( 'Missing a temporary folder.' ),
			__( 'Failed to write file to disk.' ),
			__( 'File upload stopped by extension.' ),
		);
	}

	// All tests are on by default. Most can be turned off by $overrides[{test_name}] = false;
	$test_form = isset( $overrides['test_form'] ) ? $overrides['test_form'] : true;
	$test_size = isset( $overrides['test_size'] ) ? $overrides['test_size'] : true;

	// If you override this, you must provide $ext and $type!!
	$test_type = isset( $overrides['test_type'] ) ? $overrides['test_type'] : true;
	$mimes     = isset( $overrides['mimes'] ) ? $overrides['mimes'] : false;

	// A correct form post will pass this test.
	if ( $test_form && ( ! isset( $_POST['action'] ) || ( $_POST['action'] != $action ) ) ) {
		return call_user_func_array( $upload_error_handler, array( &$file, __( 'Invalid form submission.' ) ) );
	}
	// A successful upload will pass this test. It makes no sense to override this one.
	if ( isset( $file['error'] ) && $file['error'] > 0 ) {
		return call_user_func_array( $upload_error_handler, array( &$file, $upload_error_strings[ $file['error'] ] ) );
	}

	// A properly uploaded file will pass this test. There should be no reason to override this one.
	$test_uploaded_file = 'wp_handle_upload' === $action ? is_uploaded_file( $file['tmp_name'] ) : @is_readable( $file['tmp_name'] );
	if ( ! $test_uploaded_file ) {
		return call_user_func_array( $upload_error_handler, array( &$file, __( 'Specified file failed upload test.' ) ) );
	}

	$test_file_size = 'wp_handle_upload' === $action ? $file['size'] : filesize( $file['tmp_name'] );
	// A non-empty file will pass this test.
	if ( $test_size && ! ( $test_file_size > 0 ) ) {
		if ( is_multisite() ) {
			$error_msg = __( 'File is empty. Please upload something more substantial.' );
		} else {
			$error_msg = sprintf(
				/* translators: 1: php.ini, 2: post_max_size, 3: upload_max_filesize */
				__( 'File is empty. Please upload something more substantial. This error could also be caused by uploads being disabled in your %1$s file or by %2$s being defined as smaller than %3$s in %1$s.' ),
				'php.ini',
				'post_max_size',
				'upload_max_filesize'
			);
		}
		return call_user_func_array( $upload_error_handler, array( &$file, $error_msg ) );
	}

	// A correct MIME type will pass this test. Override $mimes or use the upload_mimes filter.
	if ( $test_type ) {
		$wp_filetype     = wp_check_filetype_and_ext( $file['tmp_name'], $file['name'], $mimes );
		$ext             = empty( $wp_filetype['ext'] ) ? '' : $wp_filetype['ext'];
		$type            = empty( $wp_filetype['type'] ) ? '' : $wp_filetype['type'];
		$proper_filename = empty( $wp_filetype['proper_filename'] ) ? '' : $wp_filetype['proper_filename'];

		// Check to see if wp_check_filetype_and_ext() determined the filename was incorrect.
		if ( $proper_filename ) {
			$file['name'] = $proper_filename;
		}
		if ( ( ! $type || ! $ext ) && ! current_user_can( 'unfiltered_upload' ) ) {
			return call_user_func_array( $upload_error_handler, array( &$file, __( 'Sorry, this file type is not permitted for security reasons.' ) ) );
		}
		if ( ! $type ) {
			$type = $file['type'];
		}
	} else {
		$type = '';
	}

	/*
	 * A writable uploads dir will pass this test. Again, there's no point
	 * overriding this one.
	 */
	$uploads = wp_upload_dir( $time );
	if ( ! ( $uploads && false === $uploads['error'] ) ) {
		return call_user_func_array( $upload_error_handler, array( &$file, $uploads['error'] ) );
	}

	$filename = wp_unique_filename( $uploads['path'], $file['name'], $unique_filename_callback );

	// Move the file to the uploads dir.
	$new_file = $uploads['path'] . "/$filename";

	/**
	 * Filters whether to short-circuit moving the uploaded file after passing all checks.
	 *
	 * If a non-null value is returned from the filter, moving the file and any related
	 * error reporting will be completely skipped.
	 *
	 * @since 4.9.0
	 *
	 * @param mixed    $move_new_file If null (default) move the file after the upload.
	 * @param string[] $file          An array of data for a single file.
	 * @param string   $new_file      Filename of the newly-uploaded file.
	 * @param string   $type          Mime type of the newly-uploaded file.
	 */
	$move_new_file = apply_filters( 'pre_move_uploaded_file', null, $file, $new_file, $type );

	if ( null === $move_new_file ) {
		if ( 'wp_handle_upload' === $action ) {
			$move_new_file = @move_uploaded_file( $file['tmp_name'], $new_file );
		} else {
			// Use copy and unlink because rename breaks streams.
			// phpcs:ignore WordPress.PHP.NoSilencedErrors.Discouraged
			$move_new_file = @copy( $file['tmp_name'], $new_file );
			unlink( $file['tmp_name'] );
		}

		if ( false === $move_new_file ) {
			if ( 0 === strpos( $uploads['basedir'], ABSPATH ) ) {
				$error_path = str_replace( ABSPATH, '', $uploads['basedir'] ) . $uploads['subdir'];
			} else {
				$error_path = basename( $uploads['basedir'] ) . $uploads['subdir'];
			}
			return $upload_error_handler(
				$file,
				sprintf(
					/* translators: %s: Destination file path. */
					__( 'The uploaded file could not be moved to %s.' ),
					$error_path
				)
			);
		}
	}

	// Set correct file permissions.
	$stat  = stat( dirname( $new_file ) );
	$perms = $stat['mode'] & 0000666;
	chmod( $new_file, $perms );

	// Compute the URL.
	$url = $uploads['url'] . "/$filename";

	if ( is_multisite() ) {
		delete_transient( 'dirsize_cache' );
	}

	/**
	 * Filters the data array for the uploaded file.
	 *
	 * @since 2.1.0
	 *
	 * @param array  $upload {
	 *     Array of upload data.
	 *
	 *     @type string $file Filename of the newly-uploaded file.
	 *     @type string $url  URL of the newly-uploaded file.
	 *     @type string $type Mime type of the newly-uploaded file.
	 * }
	 * @param string $context The type of upload action. Values include 'upload' or 'sideload'.
	 */
	return apply_filters(
		'wp_handle_upload',
		array(
			'file' => $new_file,
			'url'  => $url,
			'type' => $type,
		),
		'wp_handle_sideload' === $action ? 'sideload' : 'upload'
	);
}

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Changelog Changelog

Changelog
Version Description
4.0.0 Introduced.

See also See also

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