update_option

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Summery Summery

Updates the value of an option that was already added.

Syntax Syntax

update_option( string $option, mixed $value, string|bool $autoload = null )

Description Description

You do not need to serialize values. If the value needs to be serialized, then it will be serialized before it is inserted into the database. Remember, resources cannot be serialized or added as an option.

If the option does not exist, it will be created.

This function is designed to work with or without a logged-in user. In terms of security, plugin developers should check the current user’s capabilities before updating any options.

Parameters Parameters

$option

(string) (Required) Option name. Expected to not be SQL-escaped.

$value

(mixed) (Required) Option value. Must be serializable if non-scalar. Expected to not be SQL-escaped.

$autoload

(string|bool) (Optional) Whether to load the option when WordPress starts up. For existing options, $autoload can only be updated using update_option() if $value is also changed. Accepts 'yes'|true to enable or 'no'|false to disable. For non-existent options, the default value is 'yes'.

Default value: null

Return Return

(bool) False if value was not updated and true if value was updated.

Source Source

File: wp-includes/option.php

}

/**
 * Updates the value of an option that was already added.
 *
 * You do not need to serialize values. If the value needs to be serialized,
 * then it will be serialized before it is inserted into the database.
 * Remember, resources cannot be serialized or added as an option.
 *
 * If the option does not exist, it will be created.

 * This function is designed to work with or without a logged-in user. In terms of security,
 * plugin developers should check the current user's capabilities before updating any options.
 *
 * @since 1.0.0
 * @since 4.2.0 The `$autoload` parameter was added.
 *
 * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
 *
 * @param string      $option   Name of the option to update. Expected to not be SQL-escaped.
 * @param mixed       $value    Option value. Must be serializable if non-scalar. Expected to not be SQL-escaped.
 * @param string|bool $autoload Optional. Whether to load the option when WordPress starts up. For existing options,
 *                              `$autoload` can only be updated using `update_option()` if `$value` is also changed.
 *                              Accepts 'yes'|true to enable or 'no'|false to disable. For non-existent options,
 *                              the default value is 'yes'. Default null.
 * @return bool True if the value was updated, false otherwise.
 */
function update_option( $option, $value, $autoload = null ) {
	global $wpdb;

	$option = trim( $option );
	if ( empty( $option ) ) {
		return false;
	}

	/*
	 * Until a proper _deprecated_option() function can be introduced,
	 * redirect requests to deprecated keys to the new, correct ones.
	 */
	$deprecated_keys = array(
		'blacklist_keys'    => 'disallowed_keys',
		'comment_whitelist' => 'comment_previously_approved',
	);

	if ( ! wp_installing() && isset( $deprecated_keys[ $option ] ) ) {
		_deprecated_argument(
			__FUNCTION__,
			'5.5.0',
			sprintf(
				/* translators: 1: Deprecated option key, 2: New option key. */
				__( 'The "%1$s" option key has been renamed to "%2$s".' ),
				$option,
				$deprecated_keys[ $option ]
			)
		);
		return update_option( $deprecated_keys[ $option ], $value, $autoload );
	}

	wp_protect_special_option( $option );

	if ( is_object( $value ) ) {
		$value = clone $value;
	}

	$value     = sanitize_option( $option, $value );
	$old_value = get_option( $option );

	/**
	 * Filters a specific option before its value is (maybe) serialized and updated.
	 *
	 * The dynamic portion of the hook name, `$option`, refers to the option name.
	 *
	 * @since 2.6.0
	 * @since 4.4.0 The `$option` parameter was added.
	 *
	 * @param mixed  $value     The new, unserialized option value.
	 * @param mixed  $old_value The old option value.
	 * @param string $option    Option name.
	 */
	$value = apply_filters( "pre_update_option_{$option}", $value, $old_value, $option );

	/**
	 * Filters an option before its value is (maybe) serialized and updated.
	 *
	 * @since 3.9.0
	 *
	 * @param mixed  $value     The new, unserialized option value.
	 * @param string $option    Name of the option.
	 * @param mixed  $old_value The old option value.
	 */
	$value = apply_filters( 'pre_update_option', $value, $option, $old_value );

	/*
	 * If the new and old values are the same, no need to update.
	 *
	 * Unserialized values will be adequate in most cases. If the unserialized
	 * data differs, the (maybe) serialized data is checked to avoid
	 * unnecessary database calls for otherwise identical object instances.
	 *
	 * See https://core.trac.wordpress.org/ticket/38903
	 */
	if ( $value === $old_value || maybe_serialize( $value ) === maybe_serialize( $old_value ) ) {
		return false;
	}

	/** This filter is documented in wp-includes/option.php */
	if ( apply_filters( "default_option_{$option}", false, $option, false ) === $old_value ) {
		// Default setting for new options is 'yes'.
		if ( null === $autoload ) {
			$autoload = 'yes';
		}

		return add_option( $option, $value, '', $autoload );
	}

	$serialized_value = maybe_serialize( $value );

	/**
	 * Fires immediately before an option value is updated.
	 *
	 * @since 2.9.0
	 *
	 * @param string $option    Name of the option to update.
	 * @param mixed  $old_value The old option value.
	 * @param mixed  $value     The new option value.
	 */
	do_action( 'update_option', $option, $old_value, $value );

	$update_args = array(
		'option_value' => $serialized_value,
	);

	if ( null !== $autoload ) {

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Changelog Changelog

Changelog
Version Description
4.2.0 The $autoload parameter was added.
1.0.0 Introduced.

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