get_term

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Summery Summery

Get all Term data from database by Term ID.

Syntax Syntax

get_term( int|WP_Term|object $term, string $taxonomy = '', string $output = OBJECT, string $filter = 'raw' )

Description Description

The usage of the get_term function is to apply filters to a term object. It is possible to get a term object from the database before applying the filters.

$term ID must be part of $taxonomy, to get from the database. Failure, might be able to be captured by the hooks. Failure would be the same value as $wpdb returns for the get_row method.

There are two hooks, one is specifically for each term, named ‘get_term’, and the second is for the taxonomy name, ‘term_$taxonomy’. Both hooks gets the term object, and the taxonomy name as parameters. Both hooks are expected to return a Term object.

‘get_term’ hook – Takes two parameters the term Object and the taxonomy name. Must return term object. Used in get_term() as a catch-all filter for every $term.

‘get_$taxonomy’ hook – Takes two parameters the term Object and the taxonomy name. Must return term object. $taxonomy will be the taxonomy name, so for example, if ‘category’, it would be ‘get_category’ as the filter name. Useful for custom taxonomies or plugging into default taxonomies.

Parameters Parameters

$term

(int|WP_Term|object) (Required) If integer, term data will be fetched from the database, or from the cache if available. If stdClass object (as in the results of a database query), will apply filters and return a WP_Term object corresponding to the $term data. If WP_Term, will return $term.

$taxonomy

(string) (Optional) Taxonomy name that $term is part of.

Default value: ''

$output

(string) (Optional) The required return type. One of OBJECT, ARRAY_A, or ARRAY_N, which correspond to a WP_Term object, an associative array, or a numeric array, respectively.

Default value: OBJECT

$filter

(string) (Optional) default is raw or no WordPress defined filter will applied.

Default value: 'raw'

Return Return

(WP_Term|array|WP_Error|null) Object of the type specified by $output on success. When $output is 'OBJECT', a WP_Term instance is returned. If taxonomy does not exist, a WP_Error is returned. Returns null for miscellaneous failure.

Source Source

File: wp-includes/taxonomy.php

 *
 * There are two hooks, one is specifically for each term, named 'get_term', and
 * the second is for the taxonomy name, 'term_$taxonomy'. Both hooks gets the
 * term object, and the taxonomy name as parameters. Both hooks are expected to
 * return a Term object.
 *
 * {@see 'get_term'} hook - Takes two parameters the term Object and the taxonomy name.
 * Must return term object. Used in get_term() as a catch-all filter for every
 * $term.
 *
 * {@see 'get_$taxonomy'} hook - Takes two parameters the term Object and the taxonomy
 * name. Must return term object. $taxonomy will be the taxonomy name, so for
 * example, if 'category', it would be 'get_category' as the filter name. Useful
 * for custom taxonomies or plugging into default taxonomies.
 *
 * @todo Better formatting for DocBlock
 *
 * @since 2.3.0
 * @since 4.4.0 Converted to return a WP_Term object if `$output` is `OBJECT`.
 *              The `$taxonomy` parameter was made optional.
 *
 * @see sanitize_term_field() The $context param lists the available values for get_term_by() $filter param.
 *
 * @param int|WP_Term|object $term     If integer, term data will be fetched from the database,
 *                                     or from the cache if available.
 *                                     If stdClass object (as in the results of a database query),
 *                                     will apply filters and return a `WP_Term` object with the `$term` data.
 *                                     If `WP_Term`, will return `$term`.
 * @param string             $taxonomy Optional. Taxonomy name that `$term` is part of.
 * @param string             $output   Optional. The required return type. One of OBJECT, ARRAY_A, or ARRAY_N, which
 *                                     correspond to a WP_Term object, an associative array, or a numeric array,
 *                                     respectively. Default OBJECT.
 * @param string             $filter   Optional. How to sanitize term fields. Default 'raw'.
 * @return WP_Term|array|WP_Error|null WP_Term instance (or array) on success, depending on the `$output` value.
 *                                     WP_Error if `$taxonomy` does not exist. Null for miscellaneous failure.
 */
function get_term( $term, $taxonomy = '', $output = OBJECT, $filter = 'raw' ) {
	if ( empty( $term ) ) {
		return new WP_Error( 'invalid_term', __( 'Empty Term.' ) );
	}

	if ( $taxonomy && ! taxonomy_exists( $taxonomy ) ) {
		return new WP_Error( 'invalid_taxonomy', __( 'Invalid taxonomy.' ) );
	}

	if ( $term instanceof WP_Term ) {
		$_term = $term;
	} elseif ( is_object( $term ) ) {
		if ( empty( $term->filter ) || 'raw' === $term->filter ) {
			$_term = sanitize_term( $term, $taxonomy, 'raw' );
			$_term = new WP_Term( $_term );
		} else {
			$_term = WP_Term::get_instance( $term->term_id );
		}
	} else {
		$_term = WP_Term::get_instance( $term, $taxonomy );
	}

	if ( is_wp_error( $_term ) ) {
		return $_term;
	} elseif ( ! $_term ) {
		return null;
	}

	// Ensure for filters that this is not empty.
	$taxonomy = $_term->taxonomy;

	/**
	 * Filters a taxonomy term object.
	 *
	 * @since 2.3.0
	 * @since 4.4.0 `$_term` is now a `WP_Term` object.

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Changelog Changelog

Changelog
Version Description
4.4.0 Converted to return a WP_Term object if $output is OBJECT. The $taxonomy parameter was made optional.
2.3.0 Introduced.

See also See also

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